Common name: Stem sawflies.
Morphology: Slender insects with a laterally compressed body, mostly black but with some yellow segments, a large prothorax and long antennae. Larvae apodous, but with reduced, leg-like thoractic tubercles.
Life history: A family of about 100 species of which most are stem borers in various plants, especially grasses. The adults are slow fliers that visit flowers.
Çalmasur, Ö. and Özbek, H. 2010. Distribution data on the Cephidae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) fauna of Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 50: 144-146.
Gol’berg, A.M. 1986. Biology of the stem sawflies Trachelus tabidus and Cephus pygmaeus in the Negev of southern Israel. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 40: 117–121.
Liston, A.D. and Jacobs, H.-J. 2012. Review of the sawfly fauna of Cyprus, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). Zoology in the Middle East 56: 67–84.