A cosmopolitan, large (of about 1.500 species) superfamily in the Auchenorrhyncha, commonly called cicadas. These are large insects with prominent eyes, short antennae, and membranous forewings. They are known by the loud “songs” that the males emit. Most species live in trees, feed on sap and place their eggs in bark wounds. The periodical cicadas of the genus Magicicada are famous due to their prolonged life cycles. They spend most of their 13- or 17-year life cycles underground, feeding on roots of deciduous trees in the eastern United States.
Sanborn, A.F. 2014. Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Elsevier Science and Technology, pp. 1002.
Williams, K.S. and Simon, C. 1995. The ecology, hehavior, and evolution of periodical cicadas. Annual Review of Entomology 40: 269-295.